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Rose Hayden Smith writes about the United States School Garden Army–a government effort to solve food shortages in the early 1900s, on the eve of WWI,  by promoting agricultural education in public schools and encouraging children to garden.  This effort, implemented at a time when agricultural practices in the United States had yet to be standardized by technology and monoculture, promoted a standards-based approach to agricultural education that erased important regional differences. But, it succeeded in spreading agricultural education across the country by overcoming class divisions and communicating the value of gardening to rural and to urban communities.  While the programs dwindled at the end of the war, Hayden Smith argues that the success of these programs laid the groundwork for their revival and use to address the food shortages that accompanied WWII.